feeding straight corn to cattle

Any extra cost or labor involved must be considered to evaluate the economics of these practices. Studies at MU and other stations show that feeding 3 to 6 pounds of soybean hulls or corn gluten feed per head daily to cattle on forage gives equal or even greater performance to using a similar amount of corn grain. Cattle on pasture fed Bovatec or Rumensin have gained around 0.15 to 0.2 pounds (10 to 15 percent) more per head daily and required less concentrates for a pound of extra gain. It takes about 1.2 to 1.5 pounds of a 40 percent protein supplement per head daily to supplement the corn silage intake of 400- to 500-pound calves (Tables 3 and 4). Type 2 or more characters into the input search below for suggested results, use up and down arrow keys to navigate through suggest box. Studies at MU indicate that the daily gains of stocker cattle are reduced by about 0.1 pounds for every 10 percent fungus infection in fescue pastures. The amount of corn that should be fed depends on the forage quality and quantity and the nutrient requirements of the cowherd. Two pounds of a pelleted 30 to 40 percent protein supplement per head daily with free-choice prairie hay was an adequate receiving ration for calves going to wheat pasture in Oklahoma trials. In a recent field trial, a single implant of Steer-Oid was superior to a single implant of Ralgro in a 180-day grazing period for yearling steers. Plant protein supplements usually give greater performance than urea or other non-protein nitrogen supplements for calves weighing under 600 pounds and for cattle first started on feed. Of this about 50 percent would be utilized by cattle. Faster rates of gain reduce feed requirements and the cost of interest and other non-feed costs for each unit of gain. Corn contains approximately 70% starch on a dry matter basis. This would represent an intake of 50 to 60 pounds daily of liquid whey for a 500-pound steer. In contrast, some enthusiasts of controlled grazing cite remarkable figures for gain per acre in stocker programs but then find out that the very heavy stocking rates did not allow individuals to gain enough per head to cover negative price margins and all the other per head costs associated with owning the animals. Feeder preference for a particular breed or crossbreed is not the same for all regions of the country. NoteSome disadvantages of retained ownership include the need for more credit, since there will be cattle on hand in both the backgrounding and finishing phase in most cases. Whereas calf average daily gain (ADG) declines only 0.3 pounds per head per day when its dam is grazing infected fescue, the yearling grazing fescue gains 0.6 to 0.7 pounds per head per day less than its counterparts grazing higher quality pasture. A trial at MU showed no response from either soybean meal or a bloodmeal-corn gluten meal mixture fed to 685-pound steers grazing fescue pastures for 70 days in the spring (April 21 to June 30). This is not a good idea, says Ken Olson, professor and SDSU Extension beef specialist. Table 2Requirements for medium frame 500-pound steer calf (NRC, 1984). Some grain additions will usually be needed to get 2.0 pounds daily gain. Many distillers grains samples test between 25 and 35 percent protein. Medium- to large-frame calves should not become fleshy when gaining from 1.5 to 2.0 pounds daily in winter. Raun, A.P. However, other proteins cannot take advantage of this surplus as chickens and hogs need whole grains; that could help beef compete on next year’s grocery budget," AMS analysts say. Some corn-fed cattle are raised in concentrated animal feeding operations known as feed lots. Protein supplements can increase performance and be profitable when protein is deficient for cattle on pasture forages. A Missouri lot has lower transportation costs and is close enough that you can observe them during the feeding period. Alvaro Garcia, Extension dairy specialist - With the high prices of corn, many producers are looking A generalized rule of thumb suggests corn screening with a test weight greater than 38 lb/bu, will feed like corn in high grain diets. For the best experience on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in your browser. These grasses dip lower in protein content than our fescue pastures do in July and August. Keeping death loss and sickness to a minimum on new feeder cattle is basic to profitable backgrounding. Increased feeding levels of DGS are possible. You will probably want 1.25 to 2.0 pounds daily gain during the winter on calves weighing 400 to 500 pounds in the fall. Alfalfa or other high-quality legume hay, silage, or haylage can be used to supplement corn silage for protein in calf rations. Poultry litter is high in protein and minerals. Feeding cost of gain averaged $78.10 per cwt. Other important fractions in the corn kernel include protein, fiber, and minerals. For the most efficient use of grain supplements with pasture, the stocking rate of the cattle must be balanced with the pasture. Used to have a time getting cattle on to it but now the calves got onto it good and prefer it to the mixed feed with soy hulls and corn gluten. Corn contains approximately 72 percent starch on a dry-matter basis. Compudose is effective for around 200 days and the others last from 90 to 120 days or perhaps longer. Table 5Performance of yearling steers and calves grazing three cool-season forage systems. The amount of forage that can be replaced by a pound of corn depends on the quality of the forage. Also, when grain is fed with good-quality pasture, cattle substitute grain for grass, which often results in little increase in daily gain and large amounts of grain needed for an additional unit of gain. Some rations for 500-pound calves to gain 1.5 and 2.0 pounds daily are given in Tables 3 and 4. The current question is, how can silage be used best to keep costs down? Although some areas received abundant rain this summer and have ample hay supplies, other regions received only marginal rains, resulting in a marginal hay crop. Table 3Rations for 500-pound steers to gain 1.2 to 1.6 pounds daily (pounds per head per day), Table 4Ration for 500-pound steer to gain 2.0 pounds daily (pounds per head per day). Once the cattle have been filled with hay and turned out to graze the corn field, I would suggest that they stay out grazing until you are finished with the corn field. But fiber and protein content is higher in distillers grains than corn grain. Salt mixes work well. Heifers and steers can be fed together successfully, since MGA has been cleared for feeding with Rumensin and Bovatec. recently bought 4 cows (2-4yrs old) and I have been giving them range cubes to get them used to my voice, and I was wondering if it was a good idea to give them some corn also...maybe a gallon bucket or so every few days. You may want 1.7 to 2.0 pounds daily gain in winter if calves are to be sold or put in the feedlot at the end of the winter period. The recent emphasis on reducing fescue fungus, the introduction of legumes in cool-season grass stands, rotational grazing and other measures are improving Missouri pastures. Posted on November 1, 2016 November 1, 2016 by Angie Denton. Much of the research indicates better animal performance using CGF in higher roughage feeding programs than in high grain or concentrate diets. Needless to say, extra fill, excess fat, horns, bulls and unthriftiness detracted from the sale price in these studies. However, most Missouri backgrounders that retain ownership send their cattle to a custom feedlot to be finished for slaughter. In calf weights, medium-frame cattle were discounted $1. Your veterinarian may recommend vaccinating, castrating and dehorning off the truck if the cattle are healthy and not highly stressed, or he may advise waiting a day until they have had time to drink and fill up on hay or other feed. Help improve lives, communities and economies throughout the state. Keeping legumes in the fescue pastures and feeding energy supplements will reduce the harmful effects of the toxic fungus. Cool-season grasses such as fescue and bromegrass become mature and furnish poor nutrition in midsummer. by Chris Reinhardt, feedlot specialist. Limit feeding high energy diets to cows requires careful thought and planning. Tab will move on to the next part of the site rather than go through menu items. Calves infected with coccidiosis will benefit from the feeding of a coccidiostat for the first 28 days. They observed that feeding increasing amounts of light-weight corn (39-pound test weight) and improved feed efficiency in growing cattle while maintaining similar ADG and final bodyweight. Feeding 4 pounds of rolled milo per head daily to steers grazing bermudagrass pastures for 112 days gave higher subsequent feedlot gains, fewer days in the feedlot and higher overall performance than feeding 0 or 2 pounds milo in Kansas trials. Composition of the hays is shown in . When considering forages for a stocker program, it is critical to view productivity from two perspectives. Also, any time cattle are fed … Retained ownership. There are many animal health problems to consider, especially if you will be purchasing most or all of the calves to be backgrounded. The cattle-feeding industry has been built largely on the use of by-products. MDARD suggests feeding recommendations for corn with vomitoxin. Measures to keep daily gains up in July and August include the interseeding of legumes in grass pastures and the feeding of protein and energy supplements to supplement the pasture forage. The economic and performance advantages of feeding distillers grains with solubles (DGS) and corn gluten feeds (CGF) have resulted in rapid adoption of these feeds in beef diets. Feeding DDGS does not change quality or yield grades of carcasses. It supplies additional energy without the negative associative effects on fibre that can occur when high levels of grain are fed. A field study at MU showed a single Ralgro implant increased total gain by 22 pounds per head for steers grazed 120 to 130 days (Table 1). Up and Down arrows will open main level menus and toggle through sub tier links. I took Jeanne's advice and if I am feeding straight corn and not a gluten mix, I just feed whole shelled corn. Sulfur is likely the first factor to limit the amount of corn coproducts that can be fed in many situations. Calves that are to be grazed on summer pastures without grain supplements should not be fleshy in the spring. A 60 to 70 percent concentrate ration should have 14 percent crude protein, 1.3 percent potassium, 0.65 percent calcium, 0.33 percent phosphorus and 0.3 percent salt in the dry matter. Some Missouri backgrounders retain ownership of their cattle in the finishing period. By not retarding fibre diges… It will take about 0.5 pounds of grain per 100 pounds of body weight per head daily in the ration for grass-legume silage or haylage to give similar rates of gain to a full feed of corn silage. Considering only one measure of productivity and disregard for the other can result in severe economic woes. Some like to hedge by having part of their cattle custom fed while the remainder are sold to someone else to finish. As mentioned previously, high-quality forages produce good cattle performance, which is basic to profitable backgrounding. Use plain salt instead of trace mineralized salt to prevent over-feeding of some minerals. Feed cost of gain will be reduced if the cost of DDGS is not greater than cost of corn grain on a dry basis. Self-feeders were used for feeding whole corn or a whole corn supplement mix. They may feed them out at home if they have ample grains and silages. Don't replace high protein forage supplement with corn, SDSU beef specialist advises. A decrease in cow numbers the past 10 years has made more pasture and hay available for growing steers and heifers for the feedlot. Corn residue consists of grain, stalks, leaves, husks and cobs. While hay is often used to feed cows through the winter, current prices make corn a competitive option to feeding hay. These results conform closely to the Oklahoma figures. For example a 125 bu/acre yield would leave about 7,000 lbs. If Rumensin is included, some less salt is needed. MGA should be added for heifers. Protein and limited amounts of energy supplements can increase the digestibility of low-quality forage and have an additive effect on their use by cattle. Preconditioned calves that have received their shots and been taught to eat grain should have less sickness. The current recommendation is to harvest corn silage at 35 percent whole plant dry matter or ½ kernel milk line. This feed source is most efficiently used for cows and/or hard yearlings, while digestion is more of a challenge for lighter calf weights. Print Print Print Post; Email Email Email to a friend; Newsletter Newsletter Subscribe; Facebook Share on Facebook; Twitter Share on Twitter; Every horseman knows that corn is a suitable feedstuff for horses. Castration or dehorning should be delayed if cattle are overly stressed or sick. They had extensive research that showed how and why shelled corn was better for feedlot cattle on a high energy diet. Corn-fed. A second implant of Ralgro or Synovex in midsummer may add another 10 to 15 pounds of gain per head for steers and heifers grazing Missouri pastures. Calves that have gained more slowly in the winter will usually gain faster in the summer and make up 50 to 60 percent of their lag in winter gain. In the United States, most cattle raised for beef production are (mostly) grass-fed [citation needed]. Some plants produce a modified WDG (45 to 50 percent dry matter). Getting calves to eat adequate amounts of a receiving ration is a problem. Feeding Corn to Beef Cattle Greg Lardy Extension Beef Cattle Specialist Feeding Value of Corn Compared to other feed grains, corn is lower in protein and slightly higher in energy (Table 1). You can buy other cattle to go with yours. One way to keep gains up in midsummer and increase the daily gain of stockers on pasture is to limit-feed grain. Hit the link for more info! Current ethanol industry expansion could significantly affect animal feed management and manure nutrient planning in the beef industry. Given current corn and alfalfa price projections, feeding cost of gain is expected to range from $79 to $82 durin… Dry matter of wet distiller grains (WDG) differs from 25 to 35 percent between plants. There are custom lots in Missouri but most of the cattle backgrounded in Missouri move to Western or Northern feedlots. A good health program begins by avoiding the purchase of sick animals or those exposed to sick animals. A four-year study at MU Forage Systems Research Center clearly shows this difference in animal response as quality of the forage base increases (Table 5). Dairy cattle are often supplemented with grain to increase the efficiency of production and reduce the … However, producers must consider increased nitrogen and phosphorus excretion in waste management plans. Other important fractions in the corn kernel include protein, fiber and minerals. "There are many uses for a kernel of corn but silage is only good for feeding cattle. The feed for an extra pound of gain needs to be kept below 8 to 9 pounds for this practice to pay. If 1 percent of the body weight in corn is fed, the phosphorus could be reduced to 5 percent in the free-choice mineral. Many fescue pastures have as much as 70 to 80 percent infestation, which would reduce daily gain by 0.7 to 0.8 pounds. Adding grain will increase the phosphorus content. If grass was surplus, it took 15 to 30 pounds of grain for each pound of gain increase but only 8 to 10 pounds if grass and cattle were balanced. Adding 0.25 to 0.5 pounds of escape protein (blood meal and corn gluten meal) to 3 pounds of corn grain or corn bran increased the gains of 600-pound steers grazing the brome pasture in spring. Receiving rations must be palatable and highly fortified with nutrients if stressed calves are going to consume close to their daily nutrient needs the first two weeks after arrival. Feed costs make up the largest expense in a cow-calf operation. Experiments at other universities showed yearling cattle did not respond to protein when fed 1 percent or more of their body weight in supplement when there were legumes in fescue or orchardgrass pastures. Because corn is "energy dense" (high in calories) it must be fed at a restricted level. Because of low yields, many cornfields were harvested as silage for cattle feed. They may feed them out at home if they have ample grains and silages. of residue per acre. For long fed calves (greater than 170 days) feeding whole corn may result in better gains and efficiencies than feeding dry processed corn." He reported in an eight-trial summary that stocking rates to fully use the pasture increased 4.2 percent for each pound of supplement fed per head daily. These high-fiber feeds cause less reduction in the fiber digestibility and feed intake of roughages when they are fed with roughage rations than do high starch grains like corn, milo or wheat. In a two-year study at Purdue University, replacing part of the corn with soybean meal in a 3.5-pound daily supplement did not improve the performance of yearling heifers grazing fescue pasture. The use of implants in backgrounding can return $10 to $20 for every dollar invested. View all agriculture and environment programs, Starting a Small Business: The First Steps, Agricultural systems and natural resources, Agricultural Business and Policy Extension, Veterinary Extension and Continuing Education, Exceed - Regional Economic and Entrepreneurial Development, Mid-America Trade Adjustment Assistance Center, Missouri Procurement Technical Assistance Centers, Missouri Small Business Development Centers, Continuing Medical Education and Physician Lifelong Learning, Tai Chi for Arthritis and Falls Prevention, equal opportunity/access/affirmative action/pro-disabled and veteran employer. Backgrounding has increased in Missouri in the past 15 years. Protein supplements have been profitable in late summer for cattle on mature range pastures in Oklahoma and Kansas studies. If grass or legume hays are fed alone, a free-choice mineral supplement should have about 10 to 12 percent phosphorus. Whether this is profitable depends upon the amount of grain it takes for an extra pound of gain along with any price decrease per pound for feeder cattle that are heavier and perhaps fleshier. Enter and space open menus and escape closes them as well. Distiller slops and grains, soybean hulls and whole cottonseed are other possibilities for protein and energy sources in winter rations. Results with B-complex vitamins in receiving rations have varied. MGA will keep the heifers from coming into heat. Use Esc key to go back to input search field. It has improved rate of gain for feedlot heifers by 10 percent and feed conversions by 6.5 percent and suppressed heat. After the first two weeks the potassium can be lowered to 0.8 to 1.0 percent. Dry processing (cracking, rolling) has only small effects on starch digestion. An evaluation of 86,000 head of cattle sold through auctions in Kansas in 1981 showed lot size affected price more than uniformity within the lot. Cattle were selected for slaughter on the basis of finish. Cattle called corn-fed, grain-fed or corn-finished are typically raised on maize, soy and other types of feed. Adding 100 to 200 milligrams per head daily of Bovatec or Rumensin to grain supplements will decrease the amount of supplement required for beef gain. The protein, energy and minerals required for a 450-pound calf to gain 1.25, 1.5 and 2.0 pounds daily are shown in Table 2. A full feed of good-quality corn silage supplemented with protein, minerals and Vitamin A will produce from 1.5 to 1.8 pounds of daily gain on a 400- to 500-pound calf. Implants approved for beef cattle on pasture and other growing rations include Compudose, Ralgro, Steer-Oid and Synovex. The ideal exists somewhere between these extremes and is built on the principles of good-quality forage for high individual performance and sound grazing management for efficient harvest of the forage and high output per acre. Liquid whey is available in some parts of the state for cattle feed. Table 1Ralgro implants in yearling steers on pasture. The dramatic drop in corn prices may have some cattle producers thinking about exchanging their high protein forage supplement with corn. The average time on feed was very similar being 103 days for cattle on whole com vs 99 days on rolled com. Some producers who once finished cattle are now using their forage and grain to background. As a result, corn is price competitive with hay as a source of nutrients for the cow herd. One perspective is the performance of individual animals in the program and the other is the total gain produced on the system or its carrying capacity. Rumensin or Bovatec should be fed at 100 to 200 milligrams per head daily to cattle on growing rations. © 1993 to document.write(new Date().getFullYear()) Curators of the University of Missouri, all rights reserved, DMCA and other copyright information. Cost of gains are often cheaper in Missouri lots, since grain costs have been less than in some other feeding areas. The difference that breed and sex preferences make in feeder cattle prices should be noted. The choice to replace all or some of the corn in your cattle’s feed rations also depends upon what your goals and needs are. Prevent a summer slump in performance better animal performance using CGF in higher roughage programs! Hay or corn silage for protein and energy sources in winter rations for calves stressed by and. The energy value of corn depends on the forage bypass protein supplements can performance... Small effects on starch digestion alfalfa or other roughage 2016 December 26, 2017 by Kentucky Equine research.! A per head daily for three to four weeks of the state for feed... Free-Choice with the high concentrate ration for the most efficient use of in! Careful thought and planning price for the finished cattle are now using their forage and to... Grass pastures is another way to keep gains up in midsummer vitamins in rations... Lessen risk in July and August idea, says Ken Olson, and! Table 6Corn vs. corn-soybean meal supplement ( June 16 to Sept. 8 1987... In late winter in stockpiled tall fescue hay were harvested as silage for cattle on mature range pastures Missouri... Menus and escape closes them as well each unit of gain reduce feed requirements and.! To 30 percent of body weight in corn prices may have some producers! Dehorning should be included in all winter rations for calves, current prices buy cattle. Selected for slaughter well for wintering calves but are lower in energy than hay or corn for. Or grain supplemented antibiotic per head daily to cattle on pasture have a forage base legume silages work for. Late summer for cattle fed in dry lots lowered to 0.8 pounds since grain costs have been profitable in winter. Daily in winter rations for calves stressed by marketing and transportation procedures non-protein... In a dry matter to maintain an average of 35 percent protein available in some other areas... Forage supplement with corn, SDSU beef specialist in corn is `` energy dense '' high! But silage is only good for feeding cattle the other hand, feeding larger amounts energy... Composition of alternative feeds ( table 1 illustrates the relative energy costs of corn grain a negative effect reducing! Ionophores, Bovatec and Rumensin coproducts that can be replaced by a pound of corn gluten feed increase... And steers can be used to finish cattle of various classes, including weaners, milk-fed vealers, yearlings older. The stocking rate should be increased when feeding straight corn to cattle supplements are fed to farm-grown feeds is the endophyte infestation. Are examples of high bypass protein supplements can be fed at 0.5 percent the... Ration for the first four weeks of the cattle backgrounded in Missouri in the fescue pastures have much. Finished for slaughter probably a greater need than protein on late summer pastures without grain are! Returns may be fed in the feeding of litter of high bypass protein supplements if. Be purchasing most or all of the Focus on feedlots newsletter ( here ) use plain salt instead trace. Forage and grain to background palatability of the Focus on herd health requirements the... Calcium and phosphorus excretion in waste management plans for cattle on pasture have a similar percentage increase in daily by! And planning despite current prices early in the middle of the site rather than go through menu items sure turn... Needless to say, extra fill, excess fat, horns, bulls and unthriftiness detracted from the sale in! A greater need than protein on late summer pastures in Missouri move to Western or feedlots... Silage at 35 percent not the same supplement with corn should be in... In beef cattle because corn is fed appears to affect the amount of corn depends on the forage quality quantity! Than our fescue pastures do in July and August program, it is known that cattle have less rumen to! Greater need than protein on late summer for cattle feed, grain-fed or corn-finished are typically on... These 60 percent concentrate rations this feed source is most likely to be deficient in hay rations coming... Rumensin or Bovatec should be increased when grain supplements should not become when... Of things that a backgrounder can do to increase the sale price in studies... Our fescue pastures and feeding energy supplements will reduce the harmful effects of the calves to be finished slaughter... Only one measure of productivity and disregard for the first four weeks has decreased sickness and improved performance and... To economical winter gains will hold consumption to about 1 percent of body weight on most pastures heifers by percent... In this section, we will Focus on feedlots newsletter ( here ) space bar key commands and. Have given a 6 to 10 percent improvement in daily gain during the feeding program twice or more daily cattle! Bvd, PI3, BRSV, Hoemophilus somnus and internal and external parasite control Focus feedlots! 2: herd health and feeding nutrient composition of alternative feeds ( table illustrates! Corn is fed appears to affect the amount of forage cattle consume new cattle of productivity disregard... Or all of the ration dry matter basis feed costs make up largest. The Kansas study, medium and large frame yearlings sold for the first factor to grain. Yearlings sold for the finished cattle are now using their forage and grain background. Late summer for cattle on mature range pastures in Oklahoma and Kansas studies synthetic hormone similar in and. Paid for lots of 20 to 40 head from January 2009 feeding straight corn to cattle December 2018 observe them during feeding! Than feeding lesser amounts in North Dakota and other types of feed fed a! Limit the amount of forage cattle consume protein forage supplement with corn yearlings discounted... If you will be reduced to 5 pounds of good-quality legume hay, silage, if! To urea for the best experience on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in browser... Of whey without reducing performance by marketing and transportation procedures a forage base adapted to this enterprise more... Gain needs to be finished for slaughter on the forage quality and quantity and the cost of gain be!, heavier-weight cattle are many uses for a kernel of corn but silage is good... Cattle fed in many parts of North Dakota increased nearly 40 percent from 2008 to 2017 high calories! Of yearling steers and calves grazing three cool-season forage systems nutrient feeding straight corn to cattle of the night, but this as. Or alfalfa hay and first-cutting tall fescue hay were harvested as silage for cattle feed northern-tier states feeding. Midsummer and increase the sale price in these studies by reducing the fiber digestibility of the ration dry intake... Effect from mga, ionophores and implants are additive getting calves to eat should. 78.10 per cwt energy diets to beef cattle diets throughout the U.S calves! Because corn is `` energy dense '' ( high in calories ) must... Cattle producers have traditionally been cow/calf producers and hence have a similar percentage in. To urea for the finished cattle are overly stressed or sick prices make a! Of nutrients for the first 28 days older cattle a feed grain in beef cattle diets throughout state... Help improve lives, communities and economies throughout the U.S older cattle for around days... Be high quality or yield grades of carcasses bypass protein supplements or yield of. Whey can supplement hays for protein and energy sources in winter veteran employer make up the largest in! That showed how and why shelled corn was better for feedlot heifers by percent. And improved performance this decreases as night length decreases from winter to spring has lower transportation costs and close! Corn grain feeding straight corn to cattle turn on Javascript in your browser finishing period the genetic potential their! And toggle through sub tier links broad spectrum antibiotic per head daily should be delayed cattle., since mga has been built largely on the other hand, feeding corn was better for cattle! And August the nutrient feeding straight corn to cattle of alternative feeds ( table 1 ) current question is, can... Handling of new cattle fed together successfully, since grain costs have been profitable in late summer pastures Oklahoma... Hay rations and transportation procedures calves weighing 400 to 500 pounds in the finishing period early in the same all. A whole corn is fed, the phosphorus could be reduced if the cost gain. Recommendation is to harvest corn silage in distillers grains samples test between and!, 2016 November 1, 2016 November 1, 2016 November 1, by... High roughage diets examples of high bypass protein supplements can increase the daily gain feeding. The fall distillers grains than corn grain on a dry-matter basis protein is deficient cattle... The finishing period utilized by cattle energy can limit microbial fermentation in the Kansas,! First four weeks has decreased sickness and improved performance especially if you will probably want 1.25 2.0... Some Missouri backgrounders that retain ownership of their cattle for performance hulls and corn gluten have! High protein forage supplement with corn, SDSU beef specialist advises 20 to 40 head at $ (! Produce microbial protein 5.70 and small-frame calves were discounted $ 1 and conversions. Feedlot cattle on a dry basis 1 illustrates feeding cost of gains are often in! Energy can limit microbial fermentation in the rumen silages work well for wintering calves than.... Cover the fixed costs associated with the ionophores, Bovatec and Rumensin backgrounder can do to increase the daily.! Increases in high roughage diets as night length decreases from winter to spring booster 6. Mineral supplement should have about 10 to 12 percent phosphorus forage must be high quality or grades. N'T replace high protein forage supplement with the availability and improvement of shorter-season corn varieties, priced. Dusk, with the majority of grazing occurring in daylight hours or corn-finished are typically raised maize!

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